The Latest Guide to Emergency Well Pumps

Installing a well-pump system ensures your home gets access to one of life’s primary necessities, even during emergencies. While cities and suburban areas have relatively uninterrupted access to clean water from the tap, rural settlers require wells for their water supply. However, with abundant options available and the many factors to consider, it can be challenging for the everyday homeowner to choose one that perfectly meets their needs.

This article discusses everything you need to know about well pumps, their different types, and the considerations for selecting the best one for your home.

Basics Of Well Pump

Before diving into the types of well pumps and deciding which one suits your needs, it helps to revisit the mechanics of how they work.

In its basic form, a well pump pushes water from the well into a storage tank. When the well pump motor is triggered, it draws water into the pump before moving it to the surface into a pressure tank. This process increases the air pressure in the tank until it reaches the preset level of around 40 to 60 pounds per square inch (psi).

When you turn on the tap, this decreases the air pressure in the tank, which pushes water through your plumbing. When the air pressure drops to the preset level, usually 40 psi, the pump turns back on, repeating the process of driving water into the storage tank.

Types Of Well Pumps

The type of well pump your property requires depends primarily on how low the water table is in your area. In many United States regions, including rural areas, the water table sits a few feet below the ground, making it easier to access potable water supply. Meanwhile, areas with lower water tables require deeper wells and more sophisticated well pumps.

With that said, below are the most common types of well pumps.

Hand pumps

Guide To Emergency Well Pumps

You can have the most sophisticated well-pump system, but when disasters strike, and the grid goes black, hand pumps ensure you have access to clean water even when the power’s out. Whichever system you choose for your property, having a well-water hand pump as a backup system is always a good idea.

For example, EPP Well Solutions emergency hand pumps offer various solutions for the utmost peace of mind. Whether you live in the suburbs or more rural settings, an emergency hand pump system is a worthy investment that offers returns as soon as you need it.

Centrifugal pumps

This type of pump is a common choice for those with wells shallower than 25 feet. Centrifugal pumps use internal fans to create suction and draw water into storage tanks. They’re installed above ground and housed next to the well, making it easier to perform maintenance work. And while centrifugal pumps are usually the most affordable, they don’t have sufficient power for deep well use.

Submersible well pumps

Conversely, submersible pumps are versatile water supply solutions for shallow and deep wells. Also referred to as deep well pumps, these are submerged underwater inside the well. These submersible pumps are ideal for wells 90 to 300 feet below the ground. As you can imagine, deep well pumps require more complex installation.

There are two primary types of submersible pumps: two-wire and three-wire pumps. The former has built-in controls, while the latter require a different control box. While the former is usually easier to install, it has to be brought up to ground level for maintenance and repairs.

However, compared to centrifugal and other above-ground well pumps, submersible pumps usually experience fewer mechanical problems as they pull water from a well differently. Submersible pumps are known for reliability, often taking up to 25 years before requiring servicing.

Convertible jet pumps

These types of pumps are ideal for wells that don’t have a consistent water table. There are convertible jet pumps with shallow nozzles for wells shallower than 25 feet and deeper ones capable of drawing water from wells up to 110 feet deep.

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